### Break-Even Analysis: How to Calculate the Break-Even Point

The spreadsheet will pull your fixed cost total and variable cost total up into the break-even calculation. All you need to do is to fill in your average price in the appropriate cell. The number that gets calculated in the top right cell under Break-Even Units is the number of units you need to sell to break even. The relationship between contribution margin and breakeven point is that even a dollar of contribution margin chips away at a company’s fixed cost.

It is also helpful to note that the sales price per unit minus variable cost per unit is the contribution margin per unit. For example, if a book’s selling price is $100 and its variable costs are $5 to make the book, $95 is the contribution margin per unit and contributes to offsetting the fixed costs. It is also possible to calculate how many units need to be sold to cover the fixed costs, which will result in the company breaking even. To do this, calculate the contribution margin, which is the sale price of the product less variable costs. The breakeven formula for a business provides a dollar figure that is needed to break even.

## Formula For Break-Even Point

Break-even analysis is often a component of sensitivity analysis and scenario analysis performed in financial modeling. Using Goal Seek in Excel, an analyst can backsolve how many units need to be sold, at what price, and at what cost to break even. It’s important to note that a break-even analysis is not a predictor of demand.

## Graphical Presentation Method (Break-Even Chart or CVP Graph)

Your break-even point is equal to your fixed costs, divided by your average selling price, minus variable costs. It is the point at which revenue is equal to costs and anything beyond that makes the business profitable. When companies calculate the BEP, they identify the amount of sales required to cover all fixed costs before profit generation can begin. The break-even point formula can determine the BEP in product units or sales dollars. If you already have a business, you should still do a break-even analysis before committing to a new product—especially if that product is going to add significant expense. Even if your fixed costs, like an office lease, stay the same, you’ll need to work out the variable costs related to your new product and set prices before you start selling.

If you raise your prices, you won’t need to sell as many units to break even. When thinking about raising your prices, be mindful of what the market is willing to pay and of the expectations that come with a price. You won’t need to sell as many units, but you’ll still need to sell enough—and if you charge more, buyers may expect a better product or better customer service. To fully understand break-even analysis for your business, you should be aware of your fixed and variable costs.

We have four types of online calculators with more functionalities for those who are part of the PM Calculators membership. In addition, break-even analysis doesn’t take the future into account. If your raw material costs double next year, your break-even point will be a lot higher, unless you raise your prices. Break-even analysis plays an important role in bookkeeping and making business decisions, but it’s limited in the type of information it can provide. This applies equally to adding new online sales channels, like shoppable posts on Instagram.

## Factors that Increase a Company’s Break-Even Point

The Y-coordinate of the break-even point is the break-even revenue, which is $10,000. This team of experts helps Finance Strategists maintain the highest level of accuracy and professionalism possible. No, the break-even point cannot be used to predict future profits. It is only useful for determining whether a company is making a profit or not at a given point in time. This section provides an overview of the methods that can be applied to calculate the break-even point.

- The breakeven point is the production level at which total revenues for a product equal total expenses.
- Before we get started, download your free copy of the break-even analysis template.
- Will you be planning any additional costs to promote the channel, like Instagram ads?

## Table of Contents

It is the point at which the company stops operating at a loss. Some costs can go in either category, depending on your business. But if you pay part-time hourly employees who only work when it’s busy, they will be considered variable costs. Basically, you need to figure out what your net profit per unit sold is and divide your fixed costs by that number. This will tell you how many units you need to sell before you start earning a profit. Figure 6.4.1 illustrates a typical Break-even Chart that includes all of these components.

Upon selling 500 units, the payment of all fixed costs is complete, and the company will report a net profit or loss of $0. Any time you add a new sales channel, your costs will change—even if your prices don’t. For example, if you’ve been selling online and you’re thinking about doing accounting vs payroll a pop-up shop, you’ll want to make sure you at least break even. Otherwise, the financial strain could put the rest of your business at risk. Break-even analysis is a small-business accounting process for determining at what point a company, or a new product or service, will be profitable. It’s a financial calculation used to determine the number of products or services you must sell to at least cover your production costs.

Sales below the break-even point mean a loss, while any sales made above the break-even point lead to profits. It is possible to calculate the break-even point for an entire organization or for the specific projects, initiatives, or activities that an organization undertakes. Wouldn’t it be great if there was a tool that would allow you to quickly and easily estimate and graph a company’s break-even point? Look no further; at PM Calculators, we present you with our online version of a break-even calculator to obtain it quickly and online. The following example of the break-even chart provides an outline of the most common type of break-even chart present.

In reality, some costs xero vs zoho books may not fit cleanly into these categories. Note that in the prior example, the fixed costs are “paid for” by the contribution margin. The more profit a company makes on its units, the fewer it needs to sell to break even. In corporate accounting, the breakeven point (BEP) is the moment a company’s operations stop being unprofitable and starts to earn a profit.

For example, you may have a baseline labor cost no matter what, as well as an additional labor cost that could fluctuate based on how much product you sell. A break-even chart is a graph which plots total sales and total cost curves of a company and shows that the firm’s breakeven point lies where these two curves intersect. Consider the following example in which an investor pays a $10 premium for a stock call option, and the strike price is $100. The breakeven point would equal the $10 premium plus the $100 strike price, or $110. On the other hand, if this were applied to a put option, the breakeven point would be calculated as the $100 strike price minus the $10 premium paid, amounting to $90. Doing a break-even analysis is essential for making smart business decisions.